Skip to main content
10:00 pm
>> good afternoon and welcome to the library of congress. i'm john cole director of the center for the book and the library of congress which is the reading and a book promotion on dhaka library and we are very pleased to be cosponsoring this program with the libraries photographs division. the center for the book was created in 77 to help the library of congress stimulate books and reading of literacy of the libraries and we are a private public partnership with the library of congress paying our salaries but indeed we have raised private money from the beginning to help support our array of programs and projects. there are centers for the books now in every state and i know that we have a broad audience today and i challenge you to look up and learn about the center for the book in your state for the reading in the
10:01 pm
libraries. .. >> not only to raise young readers but celebrate
10:02 pm
reading in always. one of the ways the celebrate is stocks such as this with our readers and beyond series to show off books, new books published based on resources or projects of the library of congress. working once again with the princeton photographs division i would like everyone to see a book that has come from the collection of the library of congress that you will learn about in today's program. today or program is being filmed not only by the library of congress also c-span and we're very pleased to share this program with the entire country through c-span and the library of congress website, which no host more
10:03 pm
than 250 of the books and beyond programs so please turn off of things electronic. we will progress from a panel discussion to question and answer if we have time. and conclude with a book signing in the foyer. you'll have a chance now for a question and answer you certainly have the opportunity at the end. there will be a special display in the photos of between 1:00 and 2:00 so we have to move along to get to all the features and get us started what i want to introduce the mastermind of today's event, i've learned today one of four curators
10:04 pm
of photography and i am sure they're all here. it is my pleasure to turn the program over to verna curtis. [applause] >> thank you very much, we're all in this together. i am not the mastermind. we have brigitte freed the widow of the photographer of the book "this is the day" the march on washington" which we are celebrating. the also have michael eric dyson and paul farber here with us for a special kind of conversation. i will tell you about each individual quickly because time is of the essence and i
10:05 pm
would like to tell you brigitte freed said she met leonard freed 1956 in rome and lived and varied in amsterdam when they left for the united states in 1963 a few months before that would be the march on washington. i don't think they knew that was about to happen. she printed leonard's photographs over 20 years including those in the book black and white america and made in germany and the internationally acclaimed exhibitions photographer. she had independent careers as a clothing designer and real-estate broker. she now lives in the the hudson valley and works full time on his prints and
10:06 pm
legacy. born in germany after living in the united states for 40 years she recently became an american citizen. [applause] dr. michael eric dyson one of the nation's most influential and renowned public individuals, and as a contributor, he published over 18 works of scholarly and cultural influence including race rules rules, navigating the color line from 1996. i may not get there with you come in the year 2000, debating race in 2007, april 4th, 1968 in 2008.
10:07 pm
michael eric dyson pioneering scholarship has a profound effect on america it is used professor of sociology at georgetown university and cited as 150 most powerful of african-americans by "ebony" magazine. dr. dyson has been called the ideal public intellectual from naomi wolf and a street fighter, a pretty good names i should say. you may know him by site from his appearances on an as nbc. it is my pleasure to work with brigitte freed and paul farber to bring leonard freed photographs to the collection. paul farber was professor dyson student editors to
10:08 pm
pennsylvania and later his research assistant. currently he is a lecturer in urban studies at the diversity pennsylvania and phd candidate having just completed the dissertation of american culture at university of michigan. his work and culture says appeared in outlets including npr and was named to the 100 inspire less as a world changer for his use of technology to of our social change. he is working on a biography of leonard freed. let us welcome these guest and how the historic march august 1963 change the ongoing worldwide struggle for civil rights. [applause] >> "this is the day" how did
10:09 pm
the book it started? and i say it was president a bomb in his first term said i am here because you all marched. 50 years ago what did i think america was? it took was all things to me. my husband is comment by country, a jewish family family, and my cousins and lots of americans. we came here from amsterdam.
10:10 pm
i have no photo of with self of our seven month stay in america but but we do of family. he needed them for his project nothing but a race he said. i wish to have that picture of myself at the march on washington i only had my eyes. and these eyes looked and looked and looked. i would see all these faces and then all these faces, the day of the march was america for me. then the speech of doctor martin king, i have a dream come of this speech was in
10:11 pm
the air, it moved over the heads of all the people. the voice was strong, a preacher's voice it reached everyone. i have never heard anything like this and i know i never will. [applause] >> what a powerful testimony to the multiple means by which people contribute to history. there is no picture of brigitte freed and leonard freed because they sacrificed every moment on
10:12 pm
the film for the betterment of this nation. that is more than an anecdote, that is part and parcel of the very fabric of american conscience that keen wove the golden thread into. his majestic oratory that day as indicated is powerful and limit his testimony to the ability of words to move us of speech to redeem us and of rhetoric to call us a higher purposes come in the name of the ideals which we are willing to sacrifice our procreant been that brigitte freed testifies about the
10:13 pm
magnanimity of spirit of her fallen husband whose shutterbug, whose eyes, who is a static morey has given us visual testimony to the majestic sweep of the human soul when it seeks to be free. freed from its constraints, freed from the narrow obligation of hatred, a freed to see comments leonard freed even with his name for it gives us the powerful emblem of freedom that we all seek at the end of the day. i am honored to be here with mrs. fried and my student, paul farber, who called me into this project because when he was my
10:14 pm
assistant he was my boss. [laughter] and he is one of the most thoroughly organize young people i have ever met and i am as proud as a pop but to have my tuition. [laughter] right here in he has strong not only from the loins of his family but the powerful collective imagination of peoples whose love and dedication mark his life as well. my wife and his mother is here rhetorically and symbolically his mother. [laughter] no baby monodrama here today. [laughter] these photographs are not only the emblem of the quiet
10:15 pm
beauty of black people and their allies who were in quest for the basic fundamental dignity for existing without the artificial constraints of segregation in that day when they listen to to the majestic words of martin luther king, jr. from that mall in washington d.c. who knew five years later he would lose his life in memphis that on that day this soon to be murder lifting hope and expectation would conjure the norms in believes that are the foundation of american democracy was reminding america of what it should be
10:16 pm
an gave a blueprint and called into vision this week to a powerful romanced the american people have always had with the eight deals that nurture us but we don't always obtain. so he offers photographic testimony to their dignity. they were dressed in there sunday best from 1963 in the nation frowned upon there that the committee as to the legitimacy of their claims claims, these noble souls marched to washington d.c. to tell the nation despite repudiation of dignity they
10:17 pm
were dignified and blessed with moral purpose to never be exhausted by the faithful resistance of clark the sheriff in alabama those in georgia or across the nation or the south who did not understand what they possessed mightier than many , deeper than the rivers tapping into the eternal spirit in the name of spirit of faith and family and quiet dignity of the american dream. margin mr. king, jr. cover that dream that day. those who knew we belonged shoulder to shoulder with
10:18 pm
the great figures of american society despite the refusal to a college who we are and were as people that our rhetoric which appealed to the nation one president assumed dead and another rising from the heated center of the south to become our advocates, because the president was not in control of providence but there is said god spoke from washington d.c.. of now our fishing experience, the rhetoric of religious roots rejected by our own behavior that we could claim to be our own these people remind us that
10:19 pm
cosmic sense of purpose would be enough to see them forward for for economic transformation and leonard freed 63 and 83 captured their resistance, relentless spirit that power would never be put out by the forces of men and women who of the failed to see the light and i am proud to be here with this project and brigitte freed and paul farber to remind us of leonard freed, who freed us from this memory and is now documented with laurie with dignity and the wise purpose of human beings when they are in search of freedom. [applause] this [applause]
10:20 pm
>> as much of a challenge to be on a stage with those you deeply respect have been here teachers one form or another that itself is a great honor and sets of a challenge had to follow freed and i sent. [laughter] i think of the march when rabbi prince of the american and jewish conference followed the grateful saying it -- singer who sang of freedom. he says quite simply i wish i could sing. [laughter] so i summoned him here and i say thank you deeply. good day.
10:21 pm
i want to share some perspective on the work of leonard freed and the history and memory of the march as we are not the 50th anniversary year of the gathering. the first deep gratitude to verna curtis has been a great supporter as well as her colleagues at the center of the book and the princeton photographs division, thank you. getty publications, the editor who had such a creative and brilliant hand to shake this and great britain who was a at getty publications whose put us on our way and brigitte freed you have shared so much with
10:22 pm
me with your wisdom of allowing me to do my part to carry leonards legacy in the thank you for the opportunity. >> host: day 1963 photographs are among the most elegant and animated of the era of photography that fuelled 67, 68 black and white america. it captures racial division the decade following the 54 legal mandate to end segregation leading up to and through civil rights legislation of the mid-60s. for of the photographs were included in this book including this one but it was just one story or photo shoot dead included
10:23 pm
protests, parades, to understanunderstan d the underpinnings was to be explored a greater context i want to draw attention to shoot anchoring images not just as the isolated event but instead we lived through freed what led him to the march and brought him forward through his work. born in 1929 in brooklyn to russian jewish immigrants. by 1960 he had been living in europe on and off for a decade in there honed his kraft as a documentary photographer and wrestled with his identity as the expatriate jew. he was working on a book of photographs focused on jews living in germany and the
10:24 pm
trace and trauma of the holocaust and ventured to berlin august 1961 to check out the scene there was word wall was cutting through the middle of the city. with citizens of both sides during world war iii he wandered close to the boundary of the divided city me there on assignment or predetermined division he ended up feinstein to see the most through his camera were the american gis but he snapped a photograph of the unnamed clap the soldier it confirms this image was powerfully a single shot taken at a distance of black-and-white he stands as a subject between trolley tracks that culminate into the wall behind them.
10:25 pm
this encounter haunted freed and set him on course and beckoned his return from exile to come back to america to confront segregation and racism for the image would be the first photograph in black and white america and as in the book freed it sets this out and writes he and i coming to americans meet and part silently as deadly as the wall behind him is another wall there on the trolley tracks and on the cobblestones reaching back home it into our hearts dividing us wherever we me. i am white. he is black. from this point* he aimed to represent and encroach upon buffers. after this opening image
10:26 pm
with boundaries freed would vary his own perspectives that measure distance to approach and a knowledge the shared existence. he photographed many african-american subjects and also whites imbedded with one interconnected system of race he does buy a capturing the field of vision, what they see, how they see each other coming to terms and conditions of colorblind society. in the summer of 63 free ventured back to america in the boroughs of new york city looking back footraces of the march began to emerge
10:27 pm
as the march of headquarters were scented. leonard and brigitte freed mark of several days and drove tim and camped outside the city. august 28 they arrived at dawn he begins the day on the wall capturing scenes and walked from the base of the monument to the founders of the white house in the streets surrounding ford's theatre. he captured some of the first photographs of the day whether it read house where lincoln died. we made photographs as they crossed one another's path with the preludin of the gathering that on that day tapping into deeper currents through on the spot steadies
10:28 pm
of geography in geometry. freed wanted images he could bring a the social landscape and architecture into shared flame. is also the ability to pay attention to individuals who would walk alongside. the day offered a spectacle not to marvel from afar or at a fixed distance to explore the march at the ground level. freed leader through multitudes with the photographic by as well as the active work throughout the day. >> as we return to thinking of abraham lincoln and how freed invoke to 100 years a month after the
10:29 pm
"emancipation proclamation" we see one of the only full shots of the statue the former president included. it is the same frame which is the only photograph of dr. martin luther king, jr.. iconography features him up close or with the crowd behind him. but here, the leader, former president can those be seen in the distance atmospheric and collective shock. asking it speaks king privets capture both right and bad shots of the crowd with thousands of marchers separating freed and king with lincoln behind him. this image serves as a complex and collective portrait of the march on washington at the lincoln memorial. within a year freed crossed
10:30 pm
paths at the baltimore street parade 1964. he had gone back to europe and returned again and keeping himself just gotten back and it was announced he would receive the nobel peace prize and is one of the first public gatherings in his honor. at of parade honoring him at his speech at a local synagogue this photograph is included in black and white america and has taken on promise status itself with king hants was parade goers nearby of taylor branch pillars of fire king is the centerpiece the with the march images me to think about how freedom council around the man and fried's place within the crowd we
10:31 pm
can consider race was standing was a close enough to touch the car or king or an arm reaching pitcher to the left but when we consider the bled -- blurred image whether leonard was close as part of the scene to be in its way. with photographs all the way to the fray without crossing in like the soldier in berlin this is not a single shot but the frames in perspective as.
10:32 pm
reminds us of the photographs power for social distances between king and the collectives around him but to challenge them and remind us of the persuasive power, there is more to say about the approach of photograph being king in 1965 and especially after his assassination, we can think of king as an ongoing subject of his work said it was a comparative of the anniversary march. >> we also had his absence marked again. and 68 to be changed america we get that to think about
10:33 pm
king and his collectives. as we close i want to think about my hopes for the day to do of a small pork negative part to summon nephew's significant names. while the dream of king is echoed and envisioned properly, it serves as the iconic memory of the march. plunder its photographs a hopeless to revisit the full message that king put forth and seek out the story of the 250,000 marchers marchers, veterans of the civil rights movement and all those in the home towns they impacted and inspired
10:34 pm
to fully understand the margin washington as the greatest gathering toward democracy on american soil to understand as a noble blueprint of social change we have with us. so sedate of the march in washington as a living archive and potential tools of thought. many to name as we approached the anniversary but i say my first and second grade teacher in philadelphia who attended the march she was of white quaker woman in shared stories of her time and put forth the had to do with understanding your convictions to be present
10:35 pm
with other people. with those words and actions have critical exploration and complex consideration. the young leader the participated in the march brought forward the mantle of civil-rights movement was race class gender sexual orientation in the moral compass although this day was triumphant it is with systematic forms so does be happily mark the 50th anniversary of the march 3 was also more in five decades since the brutal bombing of the baptist church in birmingham of
10:36 pm
those murdered deserved our commemoration and our hearts are heavy with the loss last month of another woman of color from chicago who was gunned down as another victim of violence just days after returning from marching here in d.c. with the inaugural parade with inauguration of morocco. we bring them forward this symbolic justice granted can only be guaranteed further beyond the boundaries to carry for through tragedy and transformation we say the names of dr. dyson have taught me and so many others so much about intellectual
10:37 pm
inquiry that flows through the head and the heart and always between people. to the to do to 2000 attendees of the march whose names we don't know well enough we hope to know more of you we would to both record them in speaker them with their history as well as our pathway forward. and finally, a leonard freed whose marches the beauty insignificance of the gathering as they face collective action and transformation and in leonard's memory and with the photographs of the past and with our future we say his name, leonard freed and express our gratitude for all of his contributions. this is the day.
10:38 pm
thank you. [applause] [applause] >> of course, i want to express our gratitude to our three speakers. it has been a terrific program and they have made it such. we will continue the gathering with the bookselling and a reception with the display but first another word about this beautiful book on sale not only produced by the getty museum but dr. dyson has an essay and taken by itself it
10:39 pm
is a wonderful commemoration that wonderful event it is truly an example how it could be a catalyst thomas something beautiful in itself and a call to action in the spirit of the event and spirit of the best kind of collaborative publication in the event and a wonderful collaborative event with the publishing world so before i call you out to get your book signed to go down to the photograph division to see the photos and this wonderful gift let's give
10:40 pm
our speaker is another round of applause [applause] >> 10 things congress doesn't want you to know how does business. number four power for members of congress that have non-competitive seats hold fund-raisers outside the district to increase leverage over other members. number five, congress spends more than 100 billion every
10:41 pm
year on over 200 programs that are not authorized by law. number six, congress routinely raise the social security trust fund to cover general revenue shortfalls. >> if you look at the appropriation bills kahane that have not been done the last years because of the political blind negative dynamic to say we appropriate x amount of money than the economic programs, it is actually over $350 billion of programs funded better not authorized, that tells you the imbalance in congress is how do we appropriate funds for program we have not said we should spend money on. it tells you the power of the appropriations committee and pork or benefit going back to the states. what is most important? is it to look good in
10:42 pm
oklahoma? or is it more important to think long term what is the health of the country long term and had we make those decisions? and on the losing side of every argument you have to work hard. >> host: number seven, members of congress frequently do not have the opportunity to read the bills they're voting on. number eight, one of the most anti-democratic ways congress spends is directing many members only the committee could vote on or amend. each year congress spend countless hours preparing and debating a budget resolution it has no intention of keeping. number 10, congress circumvents its of the budget limits by exploiting
10:43 pm
its own arcane budget proceedings. >> those are all true. >> the budget resolution, we are about to begin that season, is it a waste of time? >> no. right now three point* $65 trillion spending. the big criticism of the last two years. really? added reauthorize spending three point* $65 trillion? what we're gridlock is spending money we don't have on thing sadder not absolutely necessary. that is where we are gridlocked over that so we can make ourselves look good to our constituency. there is no gridlock was spending your kid's future in washington. we would not spend three
10:44 pm
point* 6 billion if we had a budget last year but we did a continuing resolution that passed that means a bipartisan and the president signed it yet flee half $4 trillion we did not have that i would contend 600 billion was wasted literally no benefit directly for the citizens of this country other than those that took the money to a minister or develop or get out the program said he will
10:45 pm
10:46 pm
do fine.
10:47 pm
but you're number one goal is the position or the notoriety and secondary goal to secure the future, what happens how you value your position on policy changes. that is not in purer, it is not terrible but human nature. i make the point* in the debt bomb if you ever solve the problem, if we ever secure our liberties and freedoms for our kids and grandkids you have to quit sending politicians here. >> host: senator coburn did you get a cost of reaction from your colleagues or breach of trust? >> i did breach of trust and a big many colleagues have read it but i am pretty
10:48 pm
honest thought i am talking to you about it and make the speeches of my own caucus. i'm okay to take the consternation of criticism of colleagues and i think the country is in trouble, it is in trouble. we're bankrupting. if you take generally accepted accounting principles the way c-span has to operate, most county governments, right now we have $80 trillion of things we have no idea where we get the money over 75 years. 88 trillion. its one point* 05 trillion of bills coming due the end we have over 75 years. view did not grow the government or the economy at all, a white reporter self
10:49 pm
in that position? so the federal reserve has increased the balance sheet trading to a trillion dollars of funny money and ultimately the pain of that will fall on the middle-class and the very pork but it will defeat of both parties said they want yet we don't have the courage to day to make the tough tauruses even if we lose our seat to secure the future we put ourselves first visit of the country and the american citizen if they read the black-and-white there common-sense ways to save money. just this week the air force announced we will spend 64
10:50 pm
to million dollars of 90 projects. the gao says the least half of that will be wasted. it will never get completed or do what it is supposed to do. back-to-back we had a program cancelled as. because it will never work. this is out inefficient government was they finally cancel that we spend another $100 million, they paid a settlement be to cancel a vaguely dollars the the person responsible did not get fired and not held accountable and the company that did not provide the service did not get sued to get the money back.
10:51 pm
nobody runs their household that way most government does not, but we're totally incompetent when it comes to spending a merited taxpayer money. the waste $32 billion on a nightly program that don't work that is 60 percent of what they want to take at of the pentagon and that is government-wide. why would we do that? where is the leadership to say we will get this stopped people who look at this delicate the bad actors for those to make those decisions it to pay the money back. he can defraud the government is doing with impunity. merely not willing or
10:52 pm
experience to know to hold people accountable for a procurement employee in that is just one example this week. >> what is the business you built? >> my father built the machinery manufacturing business for farming products. i had a plastic lens and a division of that. i lived appear tenures summer's 69 through 2008. the company was sold and parts of it has been sold. portions still exist.
10:53 pm
>> good morning. thank you. i moved my flight and i will negative to the airport literally after it spent 10 minutes here reading for i will read something quite short on the theory less is more which is what i try tutto my writing students. one of the reasons i am hurtling back to cold philadelphia because i have to hold office hours tomorrow with the it bracts so i best get home and sleep well or try to although my wife and i say we haven't slept well since the jimmy carter administration. [laughter] lee -- they do so much. you hold us up. that is the key five that i
10:54 pm
won't have time to formally say thank-you and a good buy a 2 miles so i will just day how eloquent his little segue introductions have been and tells all the rest of you for coming and i am supposed to read something. i was fretting about what that would be. i will of reid from the end of the prologue. with of the things i was trying to use stress in the talks that i gave yesterday and the panel from the day before it is for all of the undeniable, appalling, and a dark side of ernest hemingway there is also the
10:55 pm
light, a bone of generosity and sometimes it came out best not his own child necessarily but who would not responded to do that? piece seemed kahane to respond to it a special way i was thinking of reading a key west passage. know that would be like a piece of coal to newcastle. so i will just read this little moment from the end of the prologue and indeed the end of ernest hemingway's life, when everything is lost, but there is still something there.
10:56 pm
backward 17 days from his death, june 15th, 1961 rochester minnesota, a man in the psychiatric ward at say carries hospital there -- mary -- mayo clinic is writing a story to a boy onto small sheets of note paper with his trademark downhill slant and irreversibly damaged ernest hemingway is a in your plan scape a paranoid nightmare has found himself the kindest and courage and the city not to say grace to right to 210 beautiful words to a kid he likes very much. whenever i began to feel revulsion at his behavior toward other human beings, i would like to take out a
10:57 pm
copy of this letter. 210 words with so much emotion talks below the surface pile driven of acute observation of the natural world would be a half decent output. the of the '08, although everyone calls him for its has a congenital heart condition, the son of hemingway's small-town doctor who was also one of hemingway's favorite duck hunting companions. in the last weeks hemingway has been brought once more from idaho for treatment to mail. not long after the note to fritz hemingway will fool
10:58 pm
his foolish doctors at the world-famous clinic into believing he is well enough to go home to idaho scandal most immediately the shotgun will go off in the sunday quiet of the house that sits a couple hundred yards up from the west bank of the of river. those that say various have just learned that the doctor's son visited denver hospital. in idaho hemingway and fritz and his father liked talking about the yankees and rainbow trout but none of that will ever be the scene began. state mary's hospital, rochester minnesota, june 15, 1961.
10:59 pm
fritz, was terribly sorry to hear this morning in an know from your father you're laid up in denver this to tell you how much i hope you will be feeling better. it is hot and muggy here but the last two-- it has turned cool and a lovely resonates wonderful for sleeping. the country is beautiful and i had a chance to see wonderful country along the mississippi for they would drive the logs in the lumbering days and that trails were the pioneers came north. i saw bass jumping in the river. i never knew anything about the upper mississippi and it is a beautiful country with plenty of substance and ducks
disc Borrow a DVD of this show
info Stream Only
Uploaded by
TV Archive
on 2/18/2013